Field Dispatches: LA County Steps Up Role as Social “Safety Net”

“This crisis can be a wake-up call for us to kick-start multi-sector
data sharing including building a platform for  data sharing.”

Irene Vidyanti, 
Data Scientist, LA County Chief Information Office.

 

The COVID crisis has triggered a cascade of connected issues. In Los Angeles, mass unemployment may lead to a 45% jump in homelessness. Financial and food insecurity have spiked. Anxiety, depression, and mental health problems have risen. Simultaneously, many of the nonprofits and community-based organizations addressing these issues have temporarily shuttered during stay-at-home orders.

Programs have been cut, services reduced, and resources have been strained.

Nationwide, many community stakeholders, organizations, and service providers in the All In communities are experiencing similar tensions. The increased demands and reduced resources in these unprecedented times are creating new challenges–challenges that may find solutions in data sharing. 

“There is an urgent need for data to direct resources appropriately based on the best available evidence and to mitigate the risk of spreading the disease,” explains Irene Vidyanti, a Data Scientist with LA County’s Chief Information Office. “We need to respond to the crisis by managing and identifying who among our clients have increased needs and deliver needed services to them.”

A Different World with Different Priorities

LA County developed a data-sharing information hub to solve real-time riddles more rapidly. Riddles of the micro and macro variety-a missed appointment, an overnight jail stay, a mental health crisis-to identify solutions and coordinate care faster.

“We had a lot of data, but not a lot of information.” Ricardo Basurto-Davila, Principal Analyst at LA County Chief Information Office, observes.

They needed to be able to see patterns more quickly. The homeless client who missed an appointment yesterday turns out to have been arrested the night before. Zooming out even further, the pattern becomes clearer: the client has missed their last 10 mental health appointments. Now, they can answer the right questions faster with better solutions. In the past couple of months, some of those questions have changed, but the solutions can still be found in the systems for shared data.

Responding to the COVID Crisis Faster

LA County pivoted to focus on COVID related challenges at the onset of the crisis. They redirected their data hub to begin focusing on the response to the virus and related factors immediately.

  1. Identifying homeless clients with a positive COVID diagnosis to limit contact and promoting safe isolation practices.
  2. Informing shelter workers of a positive COVID diagnosis so that they can take appropriate precautions.
  3. Prioritizing care for homeless clients with higher risk profiles, CDC identified comorbidities or underlying health factors that put them at increased risk for COVID.
  4. Coordinating care and service delivery for COVID adjacent issues, like food insecurity and other issues.

Vidyanti believes that there are other use case applications that can be deployed as well using the data-sharing strategy for social service clients, justice-involved youth, and child/family services.

“This crisis can be a wakeup call for us to kick start multisector data sharing including building a platform for data-sharing,” Vidyanti notes, pointing out that you do not need something as sophisticated as LA County’s platform to get started. Navigating the legal requirements, building partnerships, and coordinating relationships are always the heaviest part of the lift, but laws on data-sharing during a public health emergency are slightly more flexible. Also, the returns on investment are more self-evident and immediate.

Check out our resources below to learn more.


Resources
  • Here is the link to COVID-19 HIPAA resources, including training on how to apply HIPAA to COVID-19 related data sharing.

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DASH Bright Spot: A Legal Approach to Sharing Health & Education Data

Data sharing partnerships between health and education sectors can help both parties work toward a common vision of improving students’ well-being. Although the Family Educational Rights Privacy Act (FERPA) can sometimes discourage communities from taking action, one Chicago collaboration developed a proactive data sharing and services agreement that eliminates common roadblocks to implementing health programs in schools while protecting students’ privacy.

Motivated by the desire to move projects forward that would improve health and educational outcomes for Chicago students, Chicago Public Schools and the Chicago Department of Public Health envisioned a pathway to align and streamline data sharing efforts, ultimately resulting in a more efficient process. They developed an intergovernmental agreement, compliant with FERPA, that is broad in scope and acts as an umbrella to share commonly used data types between the two entities, such as demographics, immunizations, physical exams, chronic disease, academic performance, vision, hearing, oral health, and social determinants of health.

This bright spot developed by Data Across Sectors for Health (DASH) describes the story behind this innovative agreement and outlines key elements for success to help other communities interested in taking a similar data sharing and legal approach.

Download Legal Approach to Sharing Health & Education Data




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